The treatment for 'gum disease' depends on the stage of the disease, and ranges from nonsurgical therapies to complex gum surgeries.In most cases, poor oral hygiene is the primary cause of gum disease. The other factors are... smoking, hormonal changes, family history, side-effect of certain medicines, diabetes, pregnancy, HIV and cancer.
In the early stage of gum disease (which is called
As the disease progresses, the ‘pockets’ (spaces between teeth and gums.) deepen and more gum tissue and bone is destroyed. When this happens, teeth are no longer firmly anchored in the bone and they become loose, and tooth loss occurs. Detected early, gum disease can be treated satisfactorily. Some of the common treatment procedures are:-
Scaling and polishing: In this procedure the dentist/ oral hygienest removes the tarter (the hardened form of plaque) from the teeth surface and polishes teeth with a priphylactic paste.
Deep-cleaning and root planing: This is a nonsurgical procedure, done under a local anesthetic, whereby plaque and tartar below the gum line are scraped away and rough spots on the roots of the teeth are made smooth (planing).
Flap Surgery: During this procedure which is done under local anesthetic, the gums (gingiva) are lifted back, the tarter is removed from root surface and the irregular surfaces of the damaged/destroyed bone are smoothed.The gums are then re-positioned in such a way that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth.
Alveolar bone surgery: In this surgery, the shallow craters created by gum disease are smoothed, and ‘artificial bone graft’ is placed in those cavities to replace the destroyed/damaged bone. These bone grafts serve as a platform for the regrowth of natural bone to restore the stability to teeth.
Laser Treatment: This is the newest form of treatment to treat gum diseases. This kind of treatment is less invasive and produces excellent result in most of the cases.
Our experienced Periodontist (gum specialist) undertakes all the above mentioned treatment procedures at our clinic.